Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a mental health counseling program that guides the addict through restructuring their thoughts based on the idea that our thoughts control our feelings and behaviors. Changing negative attitudes and behaviors, which are a common side effect of drug abuse, to more positive ones will provide the most probable chance of recovery from addiction. As an inpatient drug rehab program, the therapy is provided through individual and group counseling sessions and teaches the addict how to better manage stressful life situations. Cognitive behavioral therapy helps the individual become aware of these maladaptive thoughts and change the way situations are viewed in a clearer and more effective way. Although it is a very helpful tool in treating many kinds of mental illness such as depression and anxiety, cognitive behavioral therapy is most effective to the addict as he gains knowledge and support from his therapist and others who have been joined because of similar situations.
Since the mid-20th Century, art therapy has been recognized as a psychotherapy program using art as a primary means of expression and communication between a patient and a qualified art therapist. Often, inpatient drug rehab programs offer this therapy to be used to improve and enhance the physical, mental and emotional well-being of an addict. By analyzing the spontaneous art expressions, the addict is able to confront inner conflicts and perceive positive behavioral changes. Art therapy uses the creative process of artistic self-expression to help resolve conflicts and problems, develop interpersonal skills, manage behaviors, reduce stress, increase self-esteem and self-awareness, and achieve insight. This creative process is structured to the addict’s needs and sessions are designed to achieve therapeutic goals.
Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a therapy originally designed to treat people with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Specific skills are broken down into four modules: core mindfulness, interpersonal effectiveness, emotion regulation, and distress tolerance. By combining the standard cognitive-behavioral techniques with emotion regulation and concepts of distress tolerance, the therapy has proven effective in the treatment of chemical dependency. Addicts may develop any number of mental health issues as their addiction progress and it will be the determination of the clinical advisers or professional therapist as to the proper course of treatment regarding the individual. Dialectical behavior therapy may be offered on an individual basis where the addict works with a therapist toward improving skill use or in a group setting that meets a couple hours a week and provides social interactions to practice these skills.
Psychodynamic therapy offers an individual a chance to gain insight into those vulnerable feelings which have been pushed out of conscious awareness and may be the cause for certain maladaptive behaviors. Addicts often suppress feelings that are too difficult to think about. In many cases, the addict develops defense mechanisms, such as denial, repression or rationalization to help them cope with disturbing memories and painful feelings. Once these issues are recognized and examined, intervention methods may be introduced through Psychodynamic therapy programs that will help the addict resolve the inner conflicts and enable them to effectively implement changes for the good.
Motivational Enhancement Therapy offers addicts a chance to receive feedback from a counselor or therapist as encouragement geared to enhance the feelings of self-control while producing rapid, internally motivated changes. The therapist assumes the role of a supportive companion and knowledgeable consultant since the program is not intended to guide the addict through a step by step recovery process. Because the therapy is centered on the patient, it works to create positive affirmations and self motivational strategies through the addict’s own resources. Coping strategies are suggested and discussed and affirmations are provided but, ultimately it is the addict who determines the attitude and behavioral changes necessary to accomplish any particular task.
The 12 Step Treatment program was initially introduced through Alcoholics Anonymous or AA, in 1935. It defines a system of 12 basic principles to achieve recovery physically, emotionally, mentally, and spiritually. It uses group interaction to support sobriety and suggests that members regularly attend meetings with other members who share their particular recovery problem. This program has become inclusive in all types of drug rehab programs as an effective means to enhance the addict’s chances of recovery.
Relapse prevention(RP) is an important part of inpatient drug rehab programs because it helps the addict develop strategies and positive coping mechanisms to use upon reintroduction to society. There may be many areas of concern where relapse would be more likely or possible but, through the relapse prevention therapy, strategies for coping and managing a balanced lifestyle can be developed. By identifying the addict’s high-risk situations and helping them to develop coping skills, employ stimulus control techniques and urge management techniques chances for relapse are diminished.
Neurofeedback therapy uses electroencephalography or EEG as a form of biofeedback based on electrical brain activity, to train the brain to function more efficiently. By using monitoring devices that provide moment-to-moment feedback about brain activity, the therapist can relay the information back to the patient who is then rewarded for positive changes in cognitive functions. This biofeedback is directly applied to the brain and involves an on- going process of self regulation training as a necessary part of good brain function. Neurofeedback has recently become more common as a program method for the treatment of addictions.